- PACFA recognises that the strength of evidence for the effectiveness of any specific counselling and psychotherapy intervention or approach is a function of the number, independence and quality of available effectiveness studies. PACFA further recognises that the quality of studies is a function of study design, measurements used and the ecological validity (i.e. its approximation to real-life conditions) of the research.
- PACFA acknowledges that the absence of evidence for a counselling or psychotherapy intervention does not mean that it is ineffective or inappropriate. Rather, the scientific evidence showing equivalence of effect for different counselling and psychotherapy interventions justifies a starting point assumption of effectiveness. However, Member Associations that teach or advocate interventions with a weaker evidence-base should be actively engaging in a process designed to develop an evidence-base for effectiveness.
- PACFA endorses the American Psychological Association’s definition of evidence-based practice as ‘the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences’.
- PACFA recognises the need to improve the evidence-base for the effectiveness of various therapeutic approaches.
- PACFA is committed to supporting our Member Associations and Registrants to develop research protocols that will help the profession to build the evidence-base to support the known effectiveness of counselling and psychotherapy.
- PACFA asks Member Associations to encourage their members to use standardised measures of counselling and psychotherapy to ensure that they receive systematic feedback on the effectiveness of their services.
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